Trusted Protection Against Pest
Mosquito larvae commonly called “wigglers” live in water from 4 to 14 days depending on water temperature. Larvae of almost all species must come to the surface at frequent intervals to obtain oxygen through a breathing tube. Larvae are constantly feeding since maturation requires a huge amount of energy and food. They hang with their heads down and the brushes by their mouths filtering anything small enough to be eaten toward their mouths to nourish the growing larvae. They feed on algae, plankton, fungi and bacteria. They breathe at the water surface with the breathing tube up breaking the water surface tension. The larvae of a few mosquito species are cannibalistic, feeding on larvae of other mosquitoes.
During growth, the larva molts (sheds its skin) four times. The stages between molts are called instars. At the 4th instar, the usual larva reaches a length of almost 1/2 inch and toward the end of this instar ceases feeding. When the 4th instar larva molts, it becomes a pupa.
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Mosquito pupae, commonly called “tumblers”, live in water from 1 to 4 days, depending upon species and temperature.
The pupa is lighter than water and therefore floats at the surface. It takes oxygen through two breathing tubes called “trumpets”. The pupa does not eat, but it is not an inactive stage. When disturbed, it dives in a jerking, tumbling motion toward protection and then floats back to the surface.
The metamorphosis of the mosquito into an adult is completed within the pupal case. The pupal case thus serves as a factory wherein the mosquito makes an adult out of a larva. The adult mosquito splits the pupal case and emerges to the surface of the water where it rests until its body dries and hardens.
Only female mosquitoes require a blood meal and bite animals – warm or cold blooded – and birds. Male mosquitoes do not bite, but feed on the nectar of flowers or other suitable sugar source. Acquiring a blood meal (protein) is essential for egg production, but mostly both male and female mosquitoes are nectar feeders for their nutrition.
Mosquitoes are painful and persistent biters. They search for a blood meal early in the morning, at dusk and into the evening. Some Mosquitos are daytime biters especially on cloudy days and in shaded areas. They usually do not enter dwellings, and they prefer to bite mammals like humans.
Culex mosquitoes are painful and persistent biters also, but prefer to attack at dusk and after dark. They readily enter dwellings for blood meals. Domestic and wild birds usually are preferred over man, cows, and horses. Culex nigripalpus is known to transmit St. Louis encephalitis to man in Florida. Culex mosquitoes are generally weak fliers and do not move far from home, although they have been known to fly up to two miles, Culex usually live only a few weeks during the warm summer months. Those females that emerge in late summer search for sheltered areas where they “hibernate” until spring. Warm weather brings them out again in search of water on which to lay their eggs.
Anopheles mosquitoes are persistent biters and are the only mosquitoes which can transmit malaria to man.
Below are some steps to help minimise a infestation of mosquitoes at your home or place of work.
– Reduce the number of breeding sites on your property, such as still water in bird baths, water in saucer from your pot plants, water storage containers that are holding water for the garden.
– Kill mosquito larvae where the insects breed and remove algae from ponds, pools – Use a mosquito repellent in your outdoor living space which LPCI can supply and install these units.
– Increase the number of mosquito predators in your yard such as Install a shelter, like a bat or birdhouse, to help attract predators to your yard which will lower the numbers of adult mosquitoes.
We have invested in the best equipment and chemicals that are available on the market to combat mosquitoes. For best results is to treat the problematic area when the mosquitoes are most active and target their hardbourages. This treatment will need to be done a still day as the treatment is applied by misting.